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Maze problem

The maze problem has the following characteristics:

  • Place a "map" in memory
  • Limit user input to a few characters.
  • Generally only one labyrinth entrance and one labyrinth exit

The laid map can be composed of displayable characters (such as # and *) (this is very obvious, the basic view of the string knows that this is a labyrinth.), you can also use the invisible sixteen The value can be expressed. The map can be directly composed into a very long string, or arranged one by one. If it is arranged line by line, because the maze is generally larger, it is used to press the line (note, the arrangement is not pressed) Arrange in order, each line corresponds to a specific line number, you need to determine the line number to restore the maze map. The function of arranging the maze will be repeated many times.

The restricted characters are usually a combination of easy memory (not a good idea), such as w/s/a/d, h/j/k/l, l/r/u/d Such a similar combination. Of course, the specific operation of each key needs to be analyzed and judged (like the one that uses only one string to represent the maze, you can use the t key to move the 12 characters to the right). The map, the general author will set an X coordinate and a Y coordinate to save the current position. We can also start analysis based on this feature.

In general, the labyrinth has only one entrance and one exit, like the entrance at the top left corner (0, 0) position, and the exit at the bottom right corner (max_X, max_Y). But there may be an exit. In the center of the maze, use a Y character to indicate, etc. The conditions for answering the maze question are also judged according to the specific situation.

Of course, there may be more than one move of the maze, and there are cases where there are multiple moves, but asking for a move is the least costly. Then this can be disguised as an algorithmic problem.

Volga Quals CTF 2014: Reverse 100

Next, let's take this example as an example. This is a simple labyrinth. This question lays out the maps in order, using the characters # and *.

The corresponding crackme can be downloaded here: rev100

The corresponding idb can be downloaded here: rev100.i64

setmaze.png

We can use the cursor to select all the map strings in the .rodata section, and press shift+E to extract all the map data.

extract_maze.png

However, the currently extracted map strings are not in order from top to bottom, so we need to go back to the pseudo-C code generated by IDA, get the line numbers and reorder them.

The final complete map is as follows:

The corresponding Maze Map File can be downloaded here: [maze_array.txt] (https://github.com/ctf-wiki/ctf-challenges/blob/master/reverse/maze/2014_volga_quals/maze_array.txt)

maze_origin.png

Look at the characters needed to move the maze:

choice.png

Here we know that the characters that can be used are L/R/U/D, which correspond to left/right/up/down respectively.

Look down

check.png

Through debugging, you can know that here is the time to print your input once after the user inputs L/R/U/D, and then print the corresponding X/Y coordinates. The final decision is successful. , that is, when pos_x == 89 && pos_y == 28. Then we can get the path out of the maze based on the above information.

[maze.jpg] (./ figure / maze.jpg)

The last labyrinth path is

RDDRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRDDDDDDDDDDRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRUUUUUULLLLLLLLLDDRRRRRRDDLLLLLLLLLLLLLUURRRUUUUURRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRUUUUUUUUUUUUULLLLLLLUUUURRRRRRRRRRRRDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLUUUURRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRDRRRRRRRRRRRRRRUUULLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLDDDDDRRRRRUUURRRRDDDDDLLLLLLLLLDDDDRRRRRRRRRRUUURRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRDDDDDDRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR

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